عنوان مقاله [English]
Background and objectives:
Wheat is attacked by many pathogens during the growing season, including rust. The causative agent of fungal wheat brown rust called Puccinia recondita f. sp. is also known as leaf rust. The most important way to control brown rust disease is to use resistant cultivars that effectively control and reduce its damage. The most important way to control brown rust disease is to use resistant cultivars that effectively control and reduce its damage. The aim of this study was to investigate the inheritance of brown rust resistance in different wheat cultivars and estimation of genetic parameters using diallel crossing.
Materials and methods: Six bread wheat cultivars including Gonbad, Shiroudi, Darya, Atrak and Moghan 3 genotypes with susceptible Bolani cultivar and 15 F1 progenies from one-way diallel crosses were studied. his study was conducted as a randomized complete block design with three replications in field and greenhouse conditions. Traits included infection type, severity of infection, area under disease progression curve and incubation period. Data analysis was performed using SAS ver 9.1 and Excel software and estimation of genetic parameters and heritability of traits were studied by diallel analysis using Griffing's second method with fixed model and Jinks and Hayman method.
Results: Analysis of variance showed that there was a significant difference among genotypes for all traits, indicating genetic variation for these traits and thus genetic analysis could be performed. The mean squares of general and private combining ability were significant for all traits, indicating the importance of both enhancing effects and dominance of genes in inheriting these traits. The Baker ratio indicated the same importance of additive effects and dominance for the incubation period and for the other traits indicated greater importance of additive effects. Estimation of genetic parameters by Jinks and Hayman method showed that for all four traits, the amount of D component was lower than the dominance components (H1 and H2), indicating that the dominance component was more important than the additive component in controlling these traits. The sign of F was positive for all traits, so the frequency of dominant alleles was higher than that of recessive alleles. Wr-vr statistic was significant for all studied traits, indicating the presence of inorganic effects (epistasis). In other words, the significance of this statistic indicates the inaccuracy of the additive-dominance model for traits.
Conclusion: Based on the traits evaluated in field, Atrak cultivar and in greenhouse, Gonbad cultivar had good resistance to brown rust. Narrow-sense heritability of traits was estimated to be between 51 and 86%. Estimation of genetic parameters showed that additive-dominance model was not sufficient. In other words, at least resistance is predictable in resistant cultivars.